Невідомі слова з аудіювання:
Coati – носуха
Aardvark- африканський мурахоїд
Measles – мед.кір
Прослухайте текст і виконайте завдання.
Task 1. Mark the statements T (True) or F (False)
1. Everything we read online can be trusted._______
2. Wikipedia can reference newspaper articles that include false information copied from Wikipedia._______
3. A 17-year-old American student was doing research in Brazil when he spotted what he believed to be an aardvark._____
4. People do not copy and paste vandalised Wikipedia pages._____
5. All information on Wikipedia is false.______
6. Wikipedia is considered by many to be fair and impartial.______
7. Information on ‘Brazilian aardvark’ had catastrophic consequences._______
8. An increase in the number of children suffering from measles is related to unsupported claims published in a prestigious medical publication by a British surgeon.______
9. The link between vaccines and autism is no longer recognized by anyone._____
10. Critical thinking can help us avoid using false information found online. ______
Task 2. Circle the correct item
- What makes the spread of false information so easy?
a. independent sources
d. printed media
- Which statement about circular reporting is true?
a. It is the spread of true information.
b. It is when false information is validated by one other source only.
c. It only occurs with information on Wikipedia.
d. It may involve several publications.
- How can false information be validated?
a. When it is published on Wikipedia.
b. When it is reported on television.
c. When it is referenced in a newspaper article or other publication.
d. When it is posted on Facebook.
- Which statement is true about journalists?
a. They are not permitted to copy information from Wikipedia.
b. They refuse to copy information from Wikipedia.
c. As soon as they include information in an article, they verify the information.
d. Many journalists may publish inaccuracies in several articles.
- Which statement is correct?
a. Another name for a coati is a Brazilian aardvark.
b. The American student changed the information on Wikipedia to what he believed to be the truth.
c. Many people believed that a Brazilian aardvark was the same as a coati.
d. When writers wrote about the Brazilian aardvark they knew it was a joke.
- Which statement is true about Wikipedia?
a. Some people add false content to a Wikipedia entry intentionally.
b. Updating information on Wikipedia is against the law.
c. There is hardly any true information on Wikipedia.
d. Many true facts on Wikipedia initially appear as false information.
- What is true about childhood vaccines and autism?
a. There is a clear connection between childhood vaccines and autism.
b. Circular reporting incited many parents not to vaccinate their children.
c. The claims that they were connected first appeared on Wikipedia.
d. The media proved early on that the claims about vaccines and autism were false.
- According to the article, what can we do to make sure that what we are reading is true?
a. never use Wikipedia.
b. check the original source of information.
c. use unbiased encyclopaedias only.
d. always take things at face value.
- Which statement is correct?
a. Generally speaking, it’s easy to identify false information.
b. If the original source is Wikipedia or the media, the information is almost always false.
c. Reflecting critically on what we read is something most people often do.
d. Lack of time to think and investigate can cause us to believe things that aren’t true.
- What does the author of the article try to urge upon its readers?
a. to stay away from Wikipedia, Facebook and other media.
b. to change Wikipedia entries as we see fit.
c. not to take things at face value and really take the time to think critically about them.
d. never to reference or quote articles.
Прочитайте текст і виконайте завдання після нього.
Three days before John Wilkes Booth fatally shot the President, Lincoln relayed a dream he had to his wife in which he was wandering through the rooms of White House hearing sobs and crying as he went. When he reached the East Room, he noticed a casket. He asked a soldier who was in the casket and the soldier replied that it was the President – killed by an assassin. Lincoln woke up from that dream but failed to sleep for the rest of the night.
Little did the President know that as he dreamed of his own assassination, the actual plot was being formulated by John Wilkes Booth, an actor and Confederate sympathizer. Booth’s original plan was simply to kidnap the President, but as his anger grew over Lincoln’s support for former slaves, he resolved to kill the president, Secretary of State William Seward, Union General Ulysses S. Grant, and Vice-president Andrew Johnson. To help in his nefarious plot, Booth recruited George Atzerdot to kill Johnson and David Herold and Lewis Powell to kill Seward. Herold would lead Powell to Seward’s house because Powell was unfamiliar with the layout of the city. Booth directed Mary Surratt, another Confederate sympathizer, to deliver a package of “field glasses” to her tavern where Booth could pick them up after the assassination. In addition, she was to instruct the innkeeper to give Booth whiskey and several guns she had stored for him for his escape into the South.
On the night of April 14, 1865, Lincoln was to attend the performance of Our American Cousin at Ford’s Theater. It was a perfect opportunity for Booth, who knew every line of the play, and knew every corner and corridor of the theater. Lincoln’s presidential box was supposed to be manned by a police officer named John Frederick Parker. Parker, however, left his post to visit a tavern, and may or may not have returned. He might have fallen asleep on the job. Booth, with easy access to the President’s box, waited for the right moment during the play, rushed into the box, and shot the President in the back of the head. As the President fell over, Mary Todd Lincoln caught him then began screaming. Soon, chaos broke out as the audience attempted to flee the theater. Booth vaulted from the box to the stage below but caught his boot spur in a treasury flag and broke his leg. Before he escaped from the theater, a visibly limping Booth was said to have yelled “Sic Semper Tyrannis,” which means “Thus Always to Tyrants” in Latin. It is also the motto of the state of Virginia.
Meanwhile, Booth’s co-conspirator, Lewis Powell, had gained entry into the Seward house and stabbed the Secretary of State in the face with a dagger after beating his son Frederick over the forehead with a gun. Seward, who had been bedridden since a carriage accident, was lucky to survive. George Atzerdot, who had been assigned by Booth to murder vice president Johnson, decided against the plans and drank the night away in a tavern.
Charles Leale, a doctor who was at Ford’s Theater at the time of the assassination, was the first to respond to the shooting. He examined the president and found the bullet hole in his head and removed the blood clot. Lincoln’s breathing reportedly improved temporarily, but Leale knew the wound was mortal. Leale and two other doctors had Lincoln moved to the boarding house of William Peterson, across the street from the theater. Soon, Lincoln’s son Robert, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, and Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles were summoned to the house. Stanton quickly took control of the scene and ordered the removal of Lincoln’s hysterical wife, Mary. From the Peterson House, Stanton ordered the search for Booth to commence. As the night wore on, however, the President’s breathing became shallower. At 7:22 A.M. on April 15, 1865, he was pronounced dead, at which point Stanton uttered his immortal words “Now, he belongs to the ages.”
Following the fall that broke his leg, Booth made his way out of theater by slashing his knife at anyone who got in his way. Booth had meticulously planned his escape and had rode to the outskirts of Washington D.C. shortly after the assassination. When he reached the Navy Yard Bridge, which led out of the city, Booth managed to convince the guard Silas T. Cobb, who was under orders not to let anyone pass, to let him cross the bridge. Booth eventually met up with John Herold and the pair retrieved their weapons from Mary Surratt’s house before visiting the house of Dr. Samuel Mudd, who would set Booth’s broken leg. Booth and Herold, aided by other Confederate sympathizers hid out in a swamp for five days until it was determined they could safely cross the Potomac River into Virginia. The two managed to persist for twelve days until they were tracked down by Union soldiers at a farm in Virginia. Booth barricaded himself inside a barn and refused to surrender. Union soldier Boston Corbett shot Booth in the neck, paralyzing him. After being shot, soldiers dragged him to the barn steps where he died two hours later.
Lewis Powell, George Atzerdot, David Herold, and Mary Surratt were all eventually detained and sentenced to hang. Mary Surratt became the first woman in U.S. history to be hanged, though several of the jurors signed a petition requesting her pardon after it was too late. Dr. Samuel Mudd, who set the broken leg of the assassin, was sentenced to life in prison.
Task 1. Mark the statements T (True) or F (False)
- John Wilkes Booth was once wandering through the rooms of White House hearing sobs and crying as he went._____
2. John Wilkes Booth abandoned his original plan to kidnap President Lincoln._____
3. Both Mary Surratt and John Wilkes Booth were Confederate sympathizers._____
4. John Wilkes Booth intended to hide in a tavern._____
5. Lincoln was fully protected in his presidential box._____
6. Booth was seen to be hurt while escaping from the theater.______
7. All conspirators carried out their assignments. ______
8. Secretary of State William Seward tried to run away from the attackers._____
9. John Wilkes Booth was fatally wounded in the neck._____
10. Mary Surratt was pardoned when several of the jurors signed a petition with the respective request. ____
Task 2. Circle the correct item
- What did President Lincoln’s dream foretell?
a. An unknown person’s death
b. The East Room of the White House
c. His own death
d. The death of his son
- Which of the following was NOT true about John Wilkes Booth?
a. He was an actor.
b. He sympathized with the South.
c. He did not really want to kill Lincoln.
d. He believed in slavery.
- What does the word ‘nefarious’ mean in the following sentence: ‘To help in his nefarious plot, Booth recruited George Atzerdot to kill Johnson and David Herold and Louis Powell to kill Seward’?
- Why was David Herold needed in Booth’s Plan?
a. To help George Atzerdot
b. To kill Vice-president Johnson
c. To help Louis Powell
d. To kill General Grant
- Which of the following words best describes John Wilkes Booth as he entered Lincoln’s private box at Ford’s Theater?
- How did John Wilkes Booth break his leg?
a. In the fight with Lincoln.
b. The passage doesn’t say.
c. He caught the spur of his boot in a flag while leaping to the stage.
d. He was shot in the leg during his escape.
- Which of the following DID NOT occur at the Petersen Boarding House?
a. Dr. Leale removed the blood clot.
b. Lincoln died.
c. Lincoln’s son Robert arrived.
d. Mary Todd was removed from the scene.
- Who uttered the famous quote, “Now he belongs to the Ages”
a. Robert Lincoln
b. Dr. Leale
c. John Wilkes Booth
d. Edwin M. Stanton
- Why did John Wilkes Booth and David Herold visit the house of Dr. Mudd?
a. To treat Booth’s broken leg
b. To cross the Potomac River
c. To plan their escape
d. To secure their weapons
- Why did Mary Surratt become significant in history?
a. Some believed she actually shot Lincoln.
b. She helped tend to President Lincoln’s wounds.
c. She was the first woman to be executed in America.
d. She was the first woman to vote.
Творча письмова робота
Оберіть одну тему і висвітліть її у творі.
- What kind of relationship do you have with your parents? Would you want to have the same relationship with your children? What would you do if your child had ideas and beliefs different from yours? Would you expect your child to do all the things you wished you had done?
2. In Ukraine does a person’s social position depend solely on merit and achievement (as it purports to in the USA)? Is there such a thing as classless society? Would you prefer to belong to a cultural/social elite, or to be simply a member of the masses? Should we all aspire to equality?
3. Do you agree that scientists should be free to carry out experiments they like, regardless of utility, cost and ethics? What do you think are the main dangers of scientific advances? What laws do you think we need to protect societies from these dangers? Do you think science will (a) end the world (b) save the world or (c) do neither?
Для вибору учням пропонується 20 тематик ситуативного спілкування.
- Is it important to share the wisdom of age with younger generations so that they can avoid making the same mistakes?
2. Holidays are special times when people excitedly give and receive meaningful presents to and from loved ones signifying their love for one another. What do you think is better: to give or to receive presents? Why? What presents do you especially wish for? Why do you want these things? If you had the money or ability to give one person in the world anything, what would you give, to whom would you give it, and why?
3. Which age-group in your country eats most fast and convenience food? What could be done to encourage these people to eat more fresh food?
4. There have been many important inventions throughout the course of human history. Which invention do you think is the most important? Do you think creating new inventions is important for humankind? Conversely, if you could erase one invention from human history, what would it be and why?
5. Do you think that the tax payer should have to support the Arts? E.g., why should a football fan have to pay for opera?
6. Which country would you visit to appreciate the Arts? What would you plan to see?
7. In Britain, there are restrictions on what can be screened on TV before 9 p.m. Do you think that TV programme content should be censored?
8. Nearly every nation in the world has its own flag, anthem, and emblem. What purpose do these national symbols serve? Do you identify with any national symbols? What are the advantages and disadvantages of having national symbols?
9. Are famous people treated unfairly by the media? Should they be given more privacy, or is the price of their fame an invasion into their private lives?
10. Every generation of people develop different characteristics due to the influence of different events, technologies, and people in their lifetimes. Summarize events that you believe define your generation and why.
11. Will modern technology, such as the internet ever replace the book or the written word as the main source of information?
12. What is the biggest problem in your town or city? How does this problem affect people’s lives? How would you address the problem? How would you ask other people to help you address the problem?
13. Some fashion models refuse to advertise products involving animal cruelty such as cosmetics and fur coats. Would you buy such products?
14. People enjoy decorating their rooms in a way that reflects their personality. Describe your favourite room. How does this room reflect your personality? What colours are the best/ worst? Why? If you had the money to decorate your room as you wish, what would you change and why?
15. What is a very important skill a person should learn in order to be successful in the world today? Choose one skill and use specific reasons and examples to support your choice.
16. Some people say that physical exercise should be a required part of every school day. Other people believe that students should spend the whole school day on academic studies. Which opinion do you agree with? Use specific reasons and details to support your answer.
17. Which system do you favour for measuring children’s progress – final examinations or continuous assessment?
18. Some educators value maths and science more than the humanities (e.g. literature, music, and history). Why do you think they feel this way and do you agree with them?
19. Describe the social and professional activities that give you the most opportunity to speak English.
20. Describe your perfect day, including location and weather. What activities would you do? With whom would you spend it? How would this day be different than every other day? Do you think it’s possible to have a perfect day? Why?